Environmental and water resources engineering
Environmental and water resources engineering involves sustainable design to control and protect the environment and its resources. This area includes water quality and treatment research, hazardous waste management, treatment and control of air pollutants, flood control, and hydrology.
Geotechnical engineering encompasses the areas of soil mechanics and foundation engineering. It is concerned with the design and construction of structures built on or below the ground surface and the physical characteristics of soil and rocks or composite material (i.e., foundations of bridges and buildings, design of tunnels and dams) and the geological factors affecting these structures.
Structural and earthquake engineering
Structural and earthquake engineering includes designing all types of structures, including buildings, dams, bridges, and tunnels, and monitoring their construction. A primary concern of structural engineers is predicting the loads a structure will have to resist during its lifetime and ensuring that it will be both safe and valuable.
Transportation engineering deals with the planning, design, construction, operation, and performance management of highways, railways, air transportation systems and terminals, and safety considerations.